A trauma informed approach to therapy emphasizes understanding how a traumatic experience impacts one’s emotional, behavioral, mental, and physical health. The 5 guiding principles of trauma informed care are safety, choice, collaboration, trustworthiness, and empowerment. Individuals who have experienced trauma are often in a chronic state of crisis. For that reason, the therapist will work to create an environment that is safe and fosters connection. Trauma informed therapy includes learning new ways to manage emotions and impulses, engage in healthy relationships, and regain a feeling of power and control.
Trauma-informed treatments can be specially tailored to children and teens who often feel helpless and overwhelmed beyond their limits after one or many adverse events. Trauma causes their internal resources to become overtaxed which impacts emotional-regulation, self-perception, sense of trust, and understanding of relationships. Trauma-informed therapy with children and teens includes establishing a sense of safety, learning strategies to regulate emotions and arousal, increasing body awareness and self-understanding, development of reciprocal relationships, and helping them to turn helplessness into mastery.